Curriculum Vitae




Name: Peter Bernard Clarke
Title: Professor
Nationality: British
Address: Wolfson College, University of Oxford, Linton Road, Oxford, OX2 6UD, U.K.

Present Academic Positions:
Professorial member of the Faculty of Theology and tutor in the Sociology of Religion, University of Oxford (From September 2000).
Professor Emeritus of the History and Sociology of Religion at King's College, the University of London.

Membership of Academic Boards/Committees:
Member of the International Advisory Board of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NOW) (elected May 2003 for three years)

Fellowships and Professorships
Honorary Professor, University of Birmingham, 2002-
Ford Foundation International Scholar, Houston, Texas, 2000
2003-7, Senior Research Associate, Centre for Brazilian Studies, University of Oxford

Educational Qualifications
1) Ph.D, London University (King's College).
Discipline: Sociology of Religion.
Topic: Islamic Millenarianism.

2) M.Phil, London University (King's College)
Field: History, Philosophy and Sociology of Religion
Topic: Islamic sectarianism. The case of the Ismailis.

3) M.A., London University (School of Oriental & African Studies: SOAS)
Field: History.
Dissertation Topic: Christian missionary strategies in Africa in the late 19th and early 20th century

4) M.A., Oxford University
Field: British and European History.
Specialization: Mediaeval Italian history.

M.A. and B.A. courses in method and theory in the Anthropology and Sociology of Religion and Comparative Religion.

Research Students:
I have supervised 30 doctoral theses, 28 of which were awarded the degree of Ph.D, and two the degree of M.Phil. I have at present one postgraduate student in London and four at Oxford University. Some of these students are from Japan and the United States.

Research Field:
As a historian and sociologist of religion, I have carried out research on developments in contemporary religions including Oriental religions and Islam in various cultural contexts, including Japan, Brazil and Northern Thailand.

My research is necessarily comparative, an approach that is in line with that of the classical exponents of my discipline, including Max Weber, Emile Durkheim, Mary Douglas and Clifford Geertz. I have focused on the dynamics of the interaction between religions in several cultural contexts including Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America. The leitmotifs running throughout my research have been identity, 'syncretism', healing, and millenarianism


List of Publications

BKA= Books Authored
BKE= Books Edited
CEW= Contribution to Edited Work
PAJ= Publication in an Academic Journal

Books (either authored/co-authored or edited/co-edited)

BKA: (1982) West Africa and Islam. A Study of Religious Development from the 8th to the 20th Century. London: Edward Arnold, pp.278

BKA: (1984) (with I. Linden) Islam in Contemporary Nigeria. A Study of A Muslim Community in a Post Independent State. Mainz &Munich: Kaiser& Grunewald, pp.199

BKA: (1986) Black Paradise. The Rastafarian Movement. London: Collins (Thorsons), pp.112

BKA: (1986) West Africa and Christianity. A Study of Religious Development from the 15th to the 20th Century. London: Edward Arnold, pp.271

BKA: (1986) (with Mark Bray and David Stephens), Education and Society in Africa, London: Edward Arnold, pp.191

BKE: (1987) The New Evangelists. Recruitment, Methods and Aims of New Religious Movements. London: Ethnographica, pp. 160.

BKE: (1988) (with S.R.Sutherland The Worlds Religions, London: Routledge, pp.1,000.

BKE: (1990) Islam, London: Routledge, pp.233.

BKE: (1991) (with S. R. Sutherland) The Study of Religion, Traditional and New Religions. London: Routledge, pp.214.

BKA: (1993) (with Peter Byrne), Religion Defined and Explained. Macmillan: Basingstoke / St. Martins Press: New York, pp.216

BKE: (1993) The World's Religions. London: Marshall Editions, pp.220

BKE: (1993) (with E. Puttick): 'Women as Teachers and Disciples in Traditional and New Religions', Lewiston/ Queenston/ Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press, pp.97-113

BKE: (1994) (with J. I. Somers), 'Japanese New Religions in the West', The Japan Library/ Curzon Press: Folkstone

BKA: (1995) 'Mahdism in West Africa. The Case of the Ijebu Prophet', London: Luzac Oriental, pp.256.

BKA: (1997) (with E. Arweck) 'New Religious Movements: An Annotated Bibliography', Westport, CT: Greenwood Press

CAW: (1997) 'Change and Variety in New Religious Movements in Western Europe, 1960 to the Present', in E. Arweck and P. B. Clarke, 'New Religions in Western Europe - An Annotated Bibliography', Westport, CT/ London: Greenwood Press, pp.xvii-xviii

BKE: (1998) 'New Trends and Movements within the World of Islam', London: Luzac Oriental

BKE: (1998) 'New Trends and Developements in African and African Derived Religions', Westport, CT: Greenwood Press

BKE: (1998) New Trends and Developments in the World of Islam, London: Luzac Oriental, p.400

BKA: (1999) A Bibliography of Japanese New Religious Movements, Japan Library/Curzon Press: Eastbourne, p.276

BKE: (2000) Japanese New Religions In Global Perspective, London: Curzon Press, (Oct. 1999)

CEW (1999) 'Modern Japanese Millenarian Movements. Their Changing Perception of Japan's Global Mission' in Japanese New Religions In Global Perspective, (ed.) P. B. Clarke, London: Curzon Press

CEW: (1998) 'Islam in Western Europe: Present State and Future Trends', in Peter B Clarke (ed.), New Trends and Developments in the World of Islam, London: Luzac Oriental, pp.3-39

CEW (2000) 'Accounting for the Success and Failure of Japanese New Religions Abroad' in in Japanese New Religions. In Global Perspective, P. B. Clarke (ed.), London: Curzon Press, (Oct. 1999)

BKE: (1998) New Trends and Developments in African Religions, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, p.309

CEW: (1998): 'Anti-syncretist trends in Catholic-Candomble relations' in New Trends and Developments in African religions, Peter B. Clarke (ed.), Greenwood Press: Westport, CT, 1998, pp.17-37.

CEW (2000) 'Islam in Tropical Africa', in International Encyclopaedia of the Social and Behavioural Sciences, Neil J. Smelser and Paul B. Baltes (eds.), Oxford: Elsevier Science

CEW (2000) 'Islam in East Africa', in Encyclopaedia of African & African American Religion, Stephen Glazier (ed.), Routledge: Great Barrington

CEW (2000) 'The Ahmadiyya Movement' in Encyclopaedia of African and African American Religion, op.cit

CEW (2000) 'African Derived Religions in Brazil' in Encyclopaedia of African and African American Religion, op. cit.

PAJ (2000) 'Movimentos milenaristas japoneses e o papel do Brasil na constucao do paraiso na Terra: a Igreja Messianica Mondial (Sekai Kyusei Kyo)', in ILHA. Revista de Antropologia, Florianopolis, vol.2, no.1, December 2000, pp.104-123.

CEW (2001) 'Islam in Tropical Africa' in International Encyclopaedia of the Social and Behavioural Sciences, Neil J. Smelser and Paul B. Baltes (eds.), Oxford: Elsevier Science.

CEW (2002) 'Success and Failure in the Transplantation of Japanese New Religions to the United States and Europe', in Zen, Reiki, Karate, I. Prohl and H. Zinser (eds.), Hamburg: Bunka, pp.47-73.

CEW: (2002) Contributions to: 'Religions of the World. A Comprehensive Encyclopaedia of Beliefs and Practices', J.Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann (eds.), ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara California, 2002: Agon shu, Hon-michi, Kofuku-no-Kagaku, Konkokyo, Omoto, Sekai Kyusei Kyo, Shinnyoen, Tenrikyo, and Tensho-Kotai-Jingu Kyo

CEW: (2003) Conversion in Islam in Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim World, Richard C Martin (ed.), New York: Macmillan.

CEW: (2003) The Almoravid Movement in Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim World, Richard C. Martin (ed.), New York: Macmillan.

CEW: (2004) Um movimento milenarista japones e a construcao do paraiso na terra: o caso da Igreja Messianica Mondial do Brasil?, in En Nome de Deus. A Religiao na Sociedade Contemporanea, Donizete Rodriques (ed.), Porto: Edicos Afrontamento, pp.160-68

CEW: (2005), 'Globalization and the Pursuit of a Shared Understanding of the Absolute: The Case of Soka Gakkai in Brazil', in Buddhist Missionaries in an Era of Globalization, Linda Learmann (ed.), Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, pp.123-140

CEW: (2005) 'Modern African Religions', in Encyclopedia of Religion, Mircia Eliade (ed.), New York: Macmillan (2nd Edition)

BKE: (2006) 'Encyclopedia of New Religious Movements', London: Routledge

CEW: (2006) Entries for the 'Encyclopedia of New Religious Movements', Peter B. Clarke (ed.), London: Routledge:
Agonshu (668 words); Ahmadiyya movement (654 words); Al-Qaeda (the Base) (860 words); Assemblies of God: (320 words); Candombl: (1,750 words); Ch?ondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way) (984 words); Ciji Gongde Hui, The Buddhist Compassionate Relief and Merit Society (716 words); Engaged Buddhism (774 words); Forest Monks (824 words); Gallican Catholic Church (L??lise Catholique Gallicane) (699 words); Hassan Al-Banna (1906-49) (Founder of the Muslim Brotherhood) (731 words); New Religious Movements and Healing (3288 words); Hizbollah (Party of God) (644 words); .Hoa Hao Movement (590 words); Identity Movement (A. k.a: Christian Identity) (469 words); Introduction: New Religions as a global phenomenon (5,488 words); Islamism ( 536 words); Konkokyo (Religion of Golden Light) (461 words); Lord?s Resistance Army (770 words); Mahdia (Mahdiyya) Movement (707 words); .Maranatha Christian Churches (A. k. a Maranatha Campus Ministries) (358 words); .Muslim Brotherhood (Ikhwan al Muslimin) (1,284 words); Nation of Islam (NOI) (1585 words); New Religious Movement (1076 words); ._moto (Great Origin) (755 words); Perfect Liberty Kyodan (802 words); Protestant Buddhism (435 words); Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) (600 words); Rastafarian Movement (1347 words); Reclaiming (694 words); Reiki (A.k.a: Usui Shiko Ryoho System of Healing) (598 words); Santi Asoke movement (503 words); Sarvodaya Movement (Sanskrit: The Welfare and/ or Awakening of All) (514 words); Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966) (613 words); Scientology (Church of Scientology) (633 words); Seicho-no-Ie (House of Growth) (505 words); Sekai Kyusei Kyo (Church of World Messianity) (759 words); Sekhiyatham Movement (473 words); Suan Mokkh (701 words); Swadhyaya Movement (282 words); Emmanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772) (359 words); .Tenrikyo (Religion of Heavenly Wisdom) (1,098 words); Thammayuttika Order (Order of Forest Monks) (629 words); The New Age Movement (NAM): 2,322 words); Theravada Buddhism (804 words); Thich Nhat Hanh (b. 1,926) (388 words); Tian Dao (The Way of Heaven) (originally Yiguandao: Way of Pervading Unity) (966 words); Transcendentalism (610 words); Umbanda (732 words); Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam (559 words); Won Buddhism (815 words).

(2005) 'Religious Change and Innovation in the Modern World: A Social Anthropology Perspective', in Journal of the International House of Japan, Tokyo

CEW: (2006) 'Primitive Religion', in Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology, George Ritzer (ed.), Blackwell: Oxford (4,500-word entry)

BKA: (2006) 'New Religions in Global Perspective', London: Routledge

CEW: (2006) 'Religious Syncretism Japanese Style in Brazil' in Andre Droogers et al., 'Playful Religion', Challenges for the Study of Religion, Delft: Eburon Academic Publishers, pp.123-37

CEW: (2008) 'New Religions, Women, Empowerment and Gender Equality', in Weiblicher Blick - Mannerglaube/Religions d'hommes - regards de femmes, (ed.) Nadine Weibel, Waxman: Munster/New York, pp.175-183

BKE: (2009) 'The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion', Oxford: OUP

BKE: (2009) (With Peter Beyer) 'The World's Religions: Continuities and Transformations', London, Routledge

CEW: (2010) 'New Religious Movements in Global Perspective', in The Oxford Handbook of Religious Diversity (OUP 2010), pp.214-26

CEW: (2011) 'Origins, Scope, and Spread of the Millenarian Idea', in Michael Lieb et al (editors) 'The Oxford Handbook of the Peception History of the Bible' (OUP), pp.235-53

BKE: (2011) The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion (paperback edition), OUP

Recent Conference Presentations

1) Free University of Berlin (Japan Cultural Centre), Conference on Japanese New Religons in the West (March 1999), Presentation: Japanese New Religions in Europe: Accounting for Success and Failure.

2) Academica Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan , Guest Lecturer (April 1999), Presentation: Japanese New Religions and the Millennium.

3) Boston University (Institute for the Study of Economic Culture), Conference on Globalization and Buddhism (April 2000), The Encounter between Buddhist Humanism and Catholicism in Brazil with special reference to Soka Gakkai.

4) Leuven, Belgium, Conference on Schools of Japanese Buddhism (May 2000), Presentation: Kofuku-no-Kagaku as a school of Japanese Buddhism?

5) Durban, South Africa, International Association for the history of Religions Conference (August 2000), Presentation: African and Japanese Religions in Brazil with special reference to Candomble and Seicho-no-Ie: comparisons and contrasts.

6) Houston, Texas, SSSR conference (October 2000), Plenary session presentation: The encounter between Japanese religions and Catholicism in Brazil.

7) Mexico City, SISR Conference (August 2001), Japanese New Religions in Brazil and the Construction of the Land-Without-Sickness.

8) Strasbourg University, (May 2003), Women in religions new and old.

9) Open University, Milton Keynes, UK (May, 2003), Mokichi Okada. A Japanese New Age Prophet. International conference on the New Age Movement, Open University, UK

10) Turin, Italy, SISR conference (July 2003), Discussant of presentations on religions and the generations

11) Heidelberg, Germany (October 2003), Discussant of presentations on Culture and Hegemony. The Politics of Culture in a Global Age

12) Mercosur Conference, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolism (December 2003), Japanese new religions and their pursuit of popular and official legitimacy in Brazil

13) World Congress of the IAHR (International Association for the History of Religions) 2005, Tokyo Japan, 'Assessing the Impact of Religious Change'

14) World Congress of Sociology, Durban, 2006, 'Japanese Religions in Brazil: from ethnic to universal religions and back'

15) Sao Paulo, Brazil (August 2008): Brazil, the Gateway for Japanese New Religions to Africa, North America and Europe

16) Tsukuba University, Japan (October 2008), paper presented on Religions and Their Approaches to the Environment

17) Hokkaido University, Japan (October 2008), paper presented on Religions and Their Approaches to the Environment

18) Tzu-chi University, Taiwan (December 2008), Engaged Buddhism in South-East Asia. The Case of Tzu-chi

19) The 30th International Society for the Sociology of Religion (ISSR) Conference, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (27-31 July 2009)

20) Keynote speech on the globalisation and marketing of Asian religions at Minkapu, Osaka, Japan (August 2009)

21) Lecture series on: Religion and the Environment, São Paulo, Brazil (17-30th August 2009)